Practical tips for using a Supplemental Nursing System (SNS)

Thirteen months ago, when I first blogged about using a supplemental nursing system (SNS) also called an at-breast supplementer, a lot of people mentioned that they’d never heard of one and just assumed that the only options for feeding a baby were breast or bottle. I wouldn’t have known about it if not for the brilliant lactation consultant who supported us.

There are, of course, a range of other options for supplementing if the need arises – cup, syringe or spoon – but we felt these were too time-consuming for us when coupled with our pumping schedule. Everyone has to figure out what works for them.

I recently dug out my SNS from our garage because I’d met someone who needed to give her baby more milk and who seemed interested in exploring this option. It’s a bottle you hang around your neck or tuck in your top with tubes going from it that attach to your breasts. I’ve explained how it works in my SNS video. Life, Love and Living with Boys recently wrote more about what an SNS is and how it can help you breastfeed.

I’d not thought about it in a while but it occurred to me that there’s not a lot of practical info online about supplementing this way. It’s a real shame, actually, because using an SNS carries a wealth of benefits if other milk is needed.

You get to feed your baby at the breast (whether or not you’re lactating at all), your breasts are stimulated to produce more milk (so, good for addressing low supply or attempting induced lactation or relactation) and you avoid the risk of nipple confusion and reduce the risk of flow preference.

I think the most inspiring SNS story I’ve recently read about was Trevor‘s – he’s a transgendered father who, despite having had extensive breast reduction surgery, has managed to breastfeed his baby using his own milk and a supplemental nursing system filled with donor milk. The supplemental nursing system truly is a useful innovation.

That said, it can be a real pain to use. I remembered this vividly while chatting with the woman I was lending mine to. So, I got online and asked a few people to share their practical tips for using an SNS with me. I also looked through a few blog posts written on the subject and threw in some tips of my own. Here’s what came together.


The neck of the SNS is small. You need a really narrow bottle brush to really get in there with some hot soapy water. To clean the tubes, fill the bottle with hot water, stick the cover on and push the water through the tubes by squeezing the bottle. Then sterilise the whole system. Annoyingly but importantly, you must do this before each use.

“The first thing we learned was DON’T put it in a microwave steriliser. Microwave steriliser melted rubber tubing and burnt a hole in the bottle!”

mixed bag of all sorts  (She said this on Twitter but her post linked here offers lots of info about at-breast supplementing so I recommend it if you’re considering giving it a go. I’ll be quoting it below)


“Press all the parts together carefully or it leaks. It’s not about screwing it tightly but about making a good seal.”

-Laurence, my partner in crime, on using a Medela SNS

Such a man tip but a really useful one. I’d add that if leaking really is an issue then you can stand the bottle upright somewhere at or above your breast level. For some people a table works but I’ve seen others tuck it upright in their bra. I wish I’d thought of that at the time.


“When getting baby used to the SNS, make sure the milk in the bottle is warmed up to body temp. If its colder, they may get a shock when the supplemental milk reaches their mouth and keep pulling off the breast. Feel the temperature of freshly expressed milk with your wrist or lip to get a sense of what temperature you’re going for – it’s a little warmer than you might expect.”
A Mummy Too

As with most things, this will depend on your baby. My daughter never minded what the temperature of the milk was, except at night. Remember, though, that formula has to be mixed with hot water for safety.

Attachment and Process

“Feed from both breasts without the SNS, then start again with the SNS. Get your latch checked too. Good latch is vital.”
– Lucy, BAMBIS peer supporter

I think this is key because you want to make sure the baby has drained whatever milk she can from the breast before taking the supplement. You also want to make sure you’re getting the full stimulation of a good latch so she’s not using the tube as a straw.
“I don’t tape the tubes down as that requires more time and exposure. It is a little tricky to position it right, get his mouth open wide and latch him on with out feeling like I’m “hanging out there” for longer than is socially acceptable. With time and practice its gotten way easier to use.”
– Dana, Breastfeeding Mother-to-Mother

I very quickly abandoned the tape as well, just because it was one more thing to have to do. Instead, I held the tube on the bottom side of the breast and let my baby latch on from beneath in the football or rugby hold.

“There are different thicknesses of tube, and working out which one was best at each stage was a process of trial and error: as he got older I thought it was logical to go for thicker tubing to get a faster flow which he could then cope with, but then I realised he got used to that and was more fussy about sucking from me without the SNS (i.e. without the artificial immediate let down of milk), and I reverted to the thinner tubes.”

– mixed bag of all sorts

This is why I mentioned above that using a supplemental nursing system reduces the risk of flow preference rather than that it avoids the risk. We found the same and had to stick with the thinnest tube in the end, otherwise she was to unhappy at the breast with its slower flow.

In Public

When I first started using an SNS, I felt like I couldn’t leave home because of how often I needed to pump and because I couldn’t imagine how I’d manage to use it discreetly. I started by only using it in women-only meetings where people might be more supportive.

Eventually, I figured out how to get everything set up underneath a big jumper so all people saw was a woman feeding a baby, rather than all the tubing that went with it. Admittedly, I eventually used bottles if I needed to supplement while out because they were easier though I did have to go back to the SNS because bottle use making her fuss at the breast.

We got to a point where we no longer needed to supplement but had I needed to, I may well have chosen to continue to do so at the breast.

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  • Hey, great post. Have shared it with everyone in my Facebook group (

    Would love to know if you’d like to guest post for my new online magazine coming out very soon (

    Let me know what you think and please do email me if you’re interested or for a chat (

    Thanks and good luck with the feeding

    Leyla Preston recently posted..Thinking about your baby’s future: things to consider

  • Thank you for writing this. I’m trying to blog more on my site about using an SNS because it needs to be a option for women who run into difficulties.

    I was actually searching for a SNS cover when I found this post because sitting pumping just now I have had a genius idea for a way to hold the bottle that is less obvious for when you are out in public.

    If you’re interested, I’ll send you the link when I’ve done a nice little tutorial? 🙂
    Natasha Batsford recently posted..It Would Appear That Weirdness is Hereditary

  • After exclusively and successfully breastfeeding my son born at 34 weeks (except for the gavage/tube feeding of my expressed breastmilk he received in the NICU, coupled with “nursing” every three hours–he would latch but wouldn’t get more than 2-4 ml per feeding at first), I am very wary of continued supplementation, even with breastmilk, at least as it concerns a mother’s milk supply. Though, I guess the idea is that mom pumps after nursing, thus using the pumped milk in the SNS? Then once the SNS is no longer necessary, her supply is high enough to meet baby’s needs? I can see how if it’s used for a very short period (first few days, weeks) then it could be very helpful. However, I’ve seen so many moms with even great supplies of milk who are anxious about not having enough milk, myself included. couldn’t continued use of SNS could exacerbate this–psychologically sends a cue to mom that her supply is not enough, perhaps? thoughts? 🙂

    • Thanks for sharing your experience, Batya. What a journey you’ve been through and what a gift you’ve given your son! It’s always heartening hearing stories of women succeeding against the odds. We certainly need more of them.

      I agree too that many, many women worry about low milk production when this isn’t actually the problem. Something else might be going on or there may be no issue at all. Certainly it’s helpful to know what’s normal as knowing what to expect can alleviate a lot of needless stress. I’m going to pop up a couple of links for the sake of anyone else reading who might find this useful. Breastfeeding your newborn – what to expect: Low Milk Supply 101:

      In situations where low milk production is genuinely the case, an at-breast supplementer can certainly have a place in preserving a breastfeeding relationship and in building up supply.

      Situations in which it may be used are too varied for me to make a general statement. For instance, women who have insufficient glandular tissue or who have undergone breast reduction may find long term supplementation appropriate. On the other hand, many mothers who use an SNS for a time, build up milk production and go on to breastfeed without any supplementation.

      Certainly this was the case for me and the fact that my daughter was not taking much from the supplementer was an indicator that my supply was now sufficient. It’s important to make sure the flow selected is appropriate for the baby’s needs, that you’re offering a supplement quantity that matches the need and so on. I think anyone who’s experienced a baby not gaining weight over a significant amount of time, not giving a healthy nappy output or losing energy is likely to even more likely to worry (don’t so many of us, even when things are fine?). Personally, I probably could have stopped supplementing sooner than I did. I probably would have realised this if I’d stayed in touch with breastfeeding support during that time but this is all looking back almost five years in retrospect.

      If I’d been using bottles, though, I might not have had the cue to stop that I did with the SNS as babies have less control over bottles than they do with the tubes. We also had problems with bottle preference when I used bottles yet supplementation was necessary at least for a time.

      I would say that, in my opinion, at breast supplementers are not the easiest pieces of equipment to come to terms with (psychologically or practically) so any woman using one is probably highly motivated to make breastfeeding work.

      At the end of the day, it’s important to speak with a breastfeeding counsellor or (better yet!) International Board Certifiied Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) when considering supplementing. Not only might it not be a necessary course of action but even if supplementing is necessary, discussing when, how, how much, etc is invaluable to protecting the breastfeeding relationship.

      For more information about nursing supplementers, in case it interests you or anyone else who might be reading this:

  • Hi Adele can I ask what tuve where you using when you baby was 3 months old? I am still at the biggest tube and as you said he is totally got use to having the tube and doesn’t want to suck the breast without it.
    How did you manage for him to get use to thinner tubes?
    Finally, did he got use to nurse without the sns?

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